4 Different Types of Cloud Computing: An Overview

What is Cloud computing?

Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, particularly data storage and processing power, without the user’s direct active supervision. Large Clouds frequently distribute their functions across several sites, each of which is a data center. Instead of employing local servers or individual devices to host applications, Cloud computing depends on resource sharing. Most of the time, Cloud computing merely permits the operation of application software on devices with internet access.

With a pay-as-you-go pricing model, Cloud computing provides IT resources on demand over the Internet. You can use technological services provided by a Cloud service provider to access computing power, storage, and databases as needed instead of purchasing, owning, and maintaining physical data centers and servers.

Fact time: By 2030, the market for cloud computing is projected to reach USD 1,554.94 billion, growing at a 15.7% CAGR.

How is the Cloud changing technology?

Given the most recent advancements in Cloud computing, its technologies guide the future.
The change has been welcomed by more than just everyday technology users. In the business world, the Cloud has had a significant impact. In every manner, it has altered the way we communicate information.
Businesses can scale and react fast thanks to Cloud technology, which drives business agility, streamlines operations, and lowers expenses. This will not only assist businesses in navigating the current crisis, but it may also promote long-term growth.

What are the different types of Cloud computing?

Picking a Cloud type or Cloud service is a unique choice. No two Clouds, even of the same sort, are the same, and no two Cloud services are employed to address the same issue. However, by being aware of the commonalities, one can be better prepared to consider how the limitations of each type of Cloud computing and Cloud service might affect the organization.

There are four main types of Cloud computing:

Private Cloud, Public Cloud, Hybrid Cloud, and Community Cloud.

a) Private Cloud

An internal or corporate Cloud is another name for a private Cloud. Organizations use it to construct and operate their own data centers, either internally or through a third party.

A private Cloud is a Cloud environment completely dedicated to one end user or group, typically running behind that user’s or group’s firewall. When the underlying IT infrastructure is devoted to a single client with totally segregated access, all Clouds become private Clouds.

However, private Clouds are no longer required to be powered by on-site IT equipment. Now that businesses are constructing private Clouds in off-site, rented data centers operated by vendors, all standards governing location and ownership are irrelevant.

i) Benefits

  • Users benefit from a high level of security and privacy thanks to private Clouds.
  • Private Clouds provide superior performance with faster speeds and more storage space.
  • It makes it possible for IT staff to assign and supply IT resources on demand rapidly.
  • Because the organization manages the Cloud, it has total control over it. As a result, the organization doesn’t need to rely on anyone.
  • It is appropriate for businesses focusing on data security and needing a separate Cloud for personal use.

ii) Drawbacks

  • Management and operation of Cloud services require skilled personnel.
  • The operational area is constrained because the private Cloud is only available within the organization.
  • Organizations with a large user base, those lacking the infrastructure already in place, and those lacking the staff needed to operate and maintain the Cloud should avoid using private Clouds.

b) Public Cloud

Public Clouds are run by third parties who offer Cloud services to the general public over the internet with pay-as-you-go invoicing options.

They provide ways to reduce the cost of IT infrastructure and develop it into a viable choice for managing peak demands on local infrastructure. Small firms that can launch their operations without making significant upfront investments by relying solely on public infrastructure for their IT requirements frequently choose public Clouds as their preferred alternative.

Multitenancy is one of the essential properties of public Clouds. A public Cloud is designed to service many users, not just one particular client. A user needs a virtual computing environment distinct from other users and most likely isolated.

i) Benefits

  • Owning a public Cloud is less expensive than doing so for a private or hybrid Cloud.
  • You need not bother about maintenance because the Cloud service provider takes care of the public Cloud.
  • Integration is simpler with public Clouds. Therefore, it offers customers a superior level of flexibility.
  • Due to the internet-based nature of public Cloud services, they are location agnostic.
  • The public Cloud is very scalable depending on the amount of processing power needed.
  • There is no cap on the number of users because it is open to everyone.

ii) Drawbacks

  • Resources are shared publicly on public Clouds, which makes them less secure.
  • The high-speed internet network connection to the Cloud provider affects performance.
  • The User is not in charge of the data.

c) Hybrid Cloud

Public and private Cloud services are combined to form a hybrid Cloud. Organizations can often opt to mix different components from both types of Clouds when using a hybrid Cloud.

When public Cloud and private Cloud resources are combined, a heterogeneous distributed system known as a hybrid Cloud is created. They are also known as heterogeneous Clouds because of this.

The inability of private deployments to scale on demand and effectively handle peak loads is a significant disadvantage. Public Clouds are required here. As a result, a hybrid Cloud utilises both public and private Clouds.

i) Benefits

  • Organizations that need more security than the public Cloud might benefit from a hybrid Cloud.
  • You can provide new goods and services more quickly with hybrid Cloud technology.
  • Hybrid Clouds offer a great way to lower the risk.
  • A hybrid Cloud provides secure resources thanks to the private Cloud and flexible resources thanks to the public Cloud.

ii) Drawbacks

  • The security features in hybrid Clouds are inferior to those in private Clouds.
  • Being able to control many deployment models makes managing a hybrid Cloud challenging.
  • Incorporation of two distinct forms of cloud architecture into one system causes the infrastructure to become more complex.

d) Community Cloud

Community Clouds are distributed systems built by combining the capabilities of many Clouds to cater to the unique requirements of a particular industry, community, or business sector.

In a community Cloud, companies that share concerns or tasks pool their infrastructure resources. A company or a third party may control the Cloud.

i) Benefits

  • Because many businesses or communities share the same Cloud, the community Cloud is economical.
  • Organizations who desire a collaborative Cloud with greater security features than the public Cloud should use a community Cloud.
  • Security-wise, it surpasses that of the public Cloud.
  • It offers a setting that is cooperative and distributive.
  • We may share Cloud resources, infrastructure, and other capabilities between different enterprises thanks to community Clouds.

ii) Drawbacks

  • Not all businesses should choose community Cloud.
  • The private Cloud has better security features.
  • If there is no teamwork, it is not appropriate.
  • All community members share a set amount of data storage and bandwidth.

Rapyder – A Cloud Service Expert

An innovative, nimble, and agile business, Rapyder, provides end-to-end Cloud solutions for various industry verticals, a flexible, dynamic organization that makes the Cloud work for you. Our three-pronged Cloud consultation, adoption, and maintenance strategy is highly coveted in the sector. We support various C-level executives in adopting Cloud technology by providing them with knowledgeable and highly qualified staff.
Rapyder is one of the largest providers of strategic Cloud Consulting, Cloud Migration, DevOps Automation, Managed Services, and Security and has competence in Big Data, Marketing & Commerce, Cloud Computing solutions, and Managed Services.



Consider the type of Cloud you require to meet regulatory compliance requirements. A Cloud computing system that offers improved security protections, like a private or multi-Cloud arrangement, may be necessary for organizations that frequently handle sensitive or confidential data.

Are you considering moving your workloads to the Cloud? Do you require a consultancy partner to address your cost and security worries? Contact us, Rapyder, to know how we can help.


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